Origin, Emergence and Meaning of the Family Name of Beutler
Bahlow and Grimm count the family name of Beutler among the modern names of handicraftsmen. They take it that the name is derived from the craft to make purses, bags, pouches, mostly made of leather, as well as bolters and sifters, as Fischer includes.
He objects to the assumption made by Buck that Beutenmühle is derived from felting, milling beating and drumming, where he is certainly right. Beutenmühlen differ from other mills such as Ödenmühlen not by their technical equipment but by their other social and judicial allocation. This can be very well illustrated using the Rotfelder Ödenmühle.
The wide spreading of the name of Beutler from Lorraine to Carinthia shows that its historical connections date far back. From these ancient origins the name of Beutler came into existance at many places between the 14th and 16th century as an inheritable family name. The beares of the sur names need not be related to each other. In the course of our geographic scout it became obvious that wherever there was a concentration of the name of Beut, ancient legal forms based on the principles of freedom and liberty prevailed. The legal form of the Bavarian Beutel free tenures confirms this observation.
If the completely different modern word forms in the area of Rotfeld, such as Büttinen Graben, Betschle, Pittels Wald, Bettenberg, Beutelsteig and Beutlerholz refer to the same social and legal historical origins, it becomes obvious that the legal and social forms involved must be very old. They are contained in the Medieval legal language, in Gebot and Verbot (demand and prohibition), in Büttel and Gebüttel (bailiff and court servants), in Bieter and Gebieter (master and ruler), and finally in Biet = Gebiet (area), whereas Biet and Büttin originate from a female person as lady-ruler and mistress.
The very ancient matriarchal legal form of the so-called family as a domestic community is also contained in the name of Zebanasch. Zeban, Züban or Zuppan corresponds to the Slavic Supan (landlord). Zupania is a lord ruling over a community of charges, pleading their courses before a court.
The Beutler families and their ancestors, the Ungericht and Zebanach families, performed legal and administrative duties for the Monastery Stein/Rhein in Rotfelden, Rexingen and Oberiflingen.